Baku General Master Plan
Baku, 2019 - 2021
The strategic document, integrating all major aspects such as land use, urban zoning and form, transportation, utility infrastructure, ecology and urban economy in form of one plan, is an important step to guide the future regional and urban development for the City of Baku
2019 - 2021
State Committee for Urban Planning
The population of the metropolitan region on the Absheron peninsula is going to rise by approx. half a million to some 3.2 million over the next 20 years. Even today, the mobility systems are overstretched, living space is at a premium, both municipal and technical infrastructure are inadequate and, after uncontrolled oil production in the vicinity of the city, the ecological situation is alarming. The Baku General Masterplan is a strategic urban development tool until 2040 – a transformation from a monocentric urban agglomeration into a smart region with strong polycentric structure. Four strategic priorities were defined and underpinned with planning-related measures: Establishment of a polycentric urban framework with regional and local centers to take the strain off the capital with a view to developing available space for commerce and residential purposes, developing the social infrastructure, setting up an efficient public transport service; improvement and sustainable development of the metropolitan environment by, for example, increasing the open space ratio in the city, re-designating space formerly reserved for industry as suitable for residential and recreational areas; protection and development of “Heritage Areas”. Baku’s old town is, despite its status as a UNESCO world heritage site, threatened by unregulated building. The downtown area is a mixture of glorious late 19th century buildings and Soviet modernism – AS+P set rules for protecting this area to focus on diversification through the introduction of economic clusters. The Baku General Masterplan was prepared in intensive collaboration with the responsible ministries and with civic participation.
Ecology and open space concept